​The specific processes that I follow when providing counselling are dependent on the needs and preferences of each client. However, at a high level the following steps are usually followed:

  1. Informed consent: I explain the nature of counselling to the client including risks, financial costs and the limits of confidentiality.

  2. Intake and assessment: I carefully and non-judgmentally listen to and observe the client, and conduct a clinical interview to help me understand the nature of the problem(s) and what the client would like to achieve through counselling.

  3. Case formulation: In collaboration with the client I develop a preliminary description of the problem(s) and the factors, both long-term and recent, that have caused and maintained the problem.

  4. Counselling plan: In collaboration with the client I develop a plan for assisting the client to address the problems.

  5. Implementation and monitoring: The counselling plan is implemented and progress monitored.

  6.  Termination: Based on the needs of the client, counselling is discontinued after sufficient progress has been made and the risk of relapse has been addressed.

Counselling Process
School Counselling 

​The process I follow in providing school counselling is collaborative and involves consultation with parents, teachers and school leadership. It may also involve consultation with other professionals who are working with students, such as psychologists, occupational therapists, speech pathologists and general practitioners.

A broad range of issues can be addressed with individual students and in groups, including development of social skills, conflict resolution, respectful relationships, disruptive classroom behaviour, anger management, anxiety, fears, grief and loneliness.


​I follow an integrative approach to counselling, which means that I employ a combination of techniques drawn from different theoretical models to best meet the unique needs and preferences of each client. The strongest theoretical influences on my practice and training to date are:

  • Person-centred Therapy

  • Narrative Therapy

  • Psychodynamic Therapy

  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

In addition, I employ techniques drawn from:

  • Mindfulness Meditation

  • Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy

  • Couples Therapy

  • Family Therapy

  • Emotion-Focused Therapy

  • Motivational Interviewing

  • Play Therapy

  • Art Therapy

When working with children I typically lead with Narrative Therapy and Play Therapy techniques.


The counselling approaches that I use in my practice have been validated by many reputable studies to be safe and effective solutions for a range of distressing situational problems, an aid to changing patterns of behaviour and modifying thinking patterns, and a way of promoting the self-regulation of emotions. Counselling is also effective for treating various mild to moderate mental health problems, often in conjunction with other forms of medical or psychological treatment.

However, many mental health conditions and symptoms such as psychosis, personality disorders, bipolar disorder, major depressive episodes, etc. require treatment by a general practitioner, psychologist or psychiatrist. I am always ready to assist my clients by making referrals to other health professionals as required for their well-being.